Market development lubricants [http://www.petrol-trade.com/] determined by a number of transformations in air, naval and mechanical engineering sectors, pharmaceutical and food industries. True, the main innovation and technological emphasis is on the first two categories of production – the latest developments in aviation, marine and automobile engines require improved fuel Lubricants.
Direction of scientific and engineering developments in the field of mechanical engineering at the today dictate two trends – the ecology and economy. Environmental protection in the past few years has become the flagship of manufacturers around the world and a sort of technological fashion. In the production of fuels and lubricants, this trend manifested itself in the emergence and spread of new types of fuel – biofuels, which can reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere. As for lubricants, the development of new types of engines (eg, direct Injection Systems ) requires improved performance motor oil. Designers of large automobile corporations are working to reduce the frequency of oil changes – respectively, the figures themselves mixtures tend toward the maximum resistance to oxidation.
The tendency of profitability can be viewed in two ways – that saving technology Fuel during engine operation, which is achieved both by changing the design of motors, and because of the improvement of fuel and lubricants, and the introduction of new techniques that reduce the production costs of fuel and lubricants. Here, too, have been some achievements, and innovation are concentrated in ecological fuel, since it is accepted by the international community as the primary and in the future should displace traditional fuels.
Ecology & Innovation
The most common type in Europe, the so-called ecological fuel today is biodiesel – a fuel created from vegetable or animal oils. Under special fuel programs operating in several EU countries, by 2010, a mixture of ethanol, biodiesel + (the most common form of biofuels ) will be 5.75 % of all common types of fuel, which, incidentally, will also be modified by increasing the content in the mixtures of organic components. Today, there are dozens of biofuel technologies, the basic raw material for which you are palm oil, canola, soy and other vegetable ingredients that are blended with petroleum products.
American Algae – World Fuel
In the west, according to analysts, the most promising in terms of technical characteristics of the final product and cost of its production is the method of biodiesel production from algae. In essence, this technique is not so new – to push for the production of organic fuels from algae instead of soybeans or certain species of palms U.S. Department of Energy began in 1978. It was then that we studied, demonstrating that the use of such ” unconventional ” raw materials will significantly reduce fuel prices, and thus ensure high quality and appropriate level of environmental safety fuel. However, the idea was not realized because the relatively low oil prices have made more profitable production of conventional diesel. But in 2006 it was this technology has attracted the attention of several major fuel corporations, including Canadian Global Green Solutions, Spanish Bio Fuel Systems and New Zealand Aquaflow Bionomic Corporation. All these companies have to build new industrial sites for production bionefti and diesel blends.
Biodiesel in Russian
Biodiesel is acceptable and in the Russian market, according to analysts because diesel engines are installed on most passenger cars and commercial vehicles used in Russia, and biodiesel, in addition to its high environmental performance, has a higher than conventional counterparts viscosity, which increases the term engine life. However, unlike Europe, where long ago switched to a mixture with an overwhelming percentage of biodiesel in Russia, the most viable option is to obtain the compositions of biodiesel to the prevailing component of traditional diesel fuel – like a mixture of developed and tested by leading fuel companies in Russia.
According to studies at a certain proportion of biofuels and diesel improves the density and viscosity of fuel, which has a positive effect on engine performance. In this case, marked by lower fuel consumption and significantly reduce nitrogen oxide emissions compared to conventional mixtures. Domestic manufacturers are successfully adhere to the principle of cleaner fuels: for example, last year the company Slavneft- Yanos “presented to the market rather successful product – diesel fuel with ultra low sulfur content (total 10 ppm).
No less attention is paid to the development of new lubricants. Changing the design of engines, as well as the widespread promotion of ecological safety of the products, which has become in many countries, a requirement for this category of products, led to the need for a new motor oils. This is logical – a change of fuel will inevitably lead to force the lubricant industry fuel, which took a very proactive stance domestic producers. Most promising technology in the production of lubricating oils is by far the Low SAPS, which reduces the final product the content of such harmful substances as sulphate ash, phosphorus and sulfur.
Biofuels – the second generation
Widespread abandonment of harmful to the environment of oil products compels manufacturers to develop synthetic fuel combustible components – such as gas from different types of wood. Pioneered this technique has become well-known company Shell, which has long specialized in the production of environmentally friendly fuel. However, if such techniques were used only as a possible alternative to the traditional oil and fuel, but today is already a trend toward a full transition to the use of ” energy crops “.
This year, employees of German Energy Agency (DENA) announced the creation of second-generation biofuels on the newest technology Biomass to Liquid (BtL). In Europe, already considered the prospects of the total transfer for this type of fuel for all transport modes. It should be noted that, given the available amount of resources and minimal production costs BtL, these perspectives are more than real.